14 Eight-Thousanders

From public information 12 men have walked on The Moon, all US astronauts from the Apollo Program missions in comparison to the 15 which have summits the highest 14 peaks of the world more than 8,000 meters or 26,247 feet high without the aid of supplemental oxygen. These are known as the eight-thousanders.

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Eight-Thousander

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Annapurna: 28.596111, 83.820278
Broad Peak: 35.903490, 75.895200
Cho Oyu: 28.094167, 86.660833
Dhaulagiri: 28.650920, 83.542850
Gasherbrum II: 35.750000, 76.650000
Gasherbrum I: 35.716700, 76.700000
K2: 35.882500, 76.513333
Lhotse: 27.966700, 86.933300
Makalu: 27.854244, 87.915030
Manaslu: 28.549400, 84.561900
Mount Everest: 27.988056, 86.925278
Nanga Parbat: 35.238330, 74.588670
Shishapangma: 28.352222, 85.779722
Kangchenjunga: 27.702491, 88.147535

 

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All 15 without use of supplemental oxygen including (year born) and nationality;

  1. Reinhold Messner (1944) Italy Italian
  2. Erhard Loretan (1959 Switzerland Swiss
  3. Juanito Oiarzabal (1956) Spain Spanish
  4. Alberto Iñurrategi (1968) Spain Spanish
  5. Ed Viesturs (1959) United States American
  6. Silvio Mondinelli (1958) Italy Italian
  7. Ivan Vallejo (1959) Ecuador Ecuador
  8. Denis Urubko (1973) Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
  9. Veikka Gustafsson (1968) Finland Finnish
  10. João Garcia (1967) Portugal Portuguese
  11. Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner (1970) Austria Austria
  12. Maxut Zhumayev (1977) Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
  13. Mario Panzeri (1964) Italy Italian
  14. Kim Chang-Ho (1970) South Korea Korean
  15. Radek Jaroš (1964) Czech Republic Czech

There are 18 others who’ve achieved the eight-thousander with use of supplemental oxygen.

The first recorded attempt on an eight-thousander was an attempt to climb Pakistan’s Nanga Parbat in 1895. The first person to climb all 14 eight-thousanders was the Italian Reinhold Messner, who completed this task on October 16, 1986 and without the aid of supplemental oxygen. This feat was not repeated until nine years later by the Swiss Erhard Loretan in 1995. The first woman who summited all 14 eight-thousanders with no disputed climbing was the Spanish Edurne Pasaban in 2010. however in 2011 Austrian climber Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner became the first woman to climb the 14 eight-thousanders without the use of supplementary oxygen.